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Stanley Setiawan and Team

Board Certified Dermatologists All about clinical and cosmetic dermatology

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Happy Chinese New Year 🍊🍊

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May your skin be merry and bright! . . #merrychristmas #christmas #merryandbright #cdermaid

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HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 32 million lives so far. . . Individuals can reduce the risk of HIV infection by limiting exposure to risk factors. Key approaches for HIV prevention, which are often used in combination, are listed below. . • Male and female condom use . • Testing and counselling for HIV and STIs Testing for HIV and other STIs is strongly advised for all people exposed to any of the risk factors. . • Testing and counselling, linkages to tuberculosis (TB) care TB is the most common illness among people living with HIV. Fatal if undetected or untreated, TB is the leading cause of death among people with HIV, responsible for nearly 1 in 3 HIV-associated deaths. . • Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) Medical male circumcision reduces the risk of heterosexually acquired HIV infection in men by approximately 60%. . • Use of ARVs for prevention A scientific trial confirmed that if an HIV-positive person adheres to an effective ART, the risk of transmitting the virus to their uninfected sexual partner can be reduced by 96%. . . #cdermaid #hiv #hivaids #aids

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HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is a retrovirus that infects cells of the human immune system (mainly CD4-positive T-cells and macrophages—key components of the cellular immune system) and destroys or impairs their function. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people's defence systems against infections and some types of cancer. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count. Immunodeficiency results in increased susceptibility to a wide range of infections, cancers and other diseases that people with healthy immune systems can fight off. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and describes the collection of symptoms and infections associated with acquired deficiency of the immune system. This is the most advanced stage of HIV infection, which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop if not treated, depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections or other severe clinical manifestations. #cdermaid #hivaids #hiv #aids

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