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Jennifer Dawn McGinnis

Mom❤ Christian💒 Traveler🚗 Sunrises & Sunsets☀ Letterboxing🔎 Reading📚 Guitar🎸 Music🎶 Fishing🎣 Hiking🌲Painting🎨 SnapChat: Jennifermosheim👻

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I may have made a dumb #mistake 15 years ago when I got married lol (thank fb memories for reminding me), but I've spent the last 3 years #single , #livinglife, and #makingupforlosttime !!! #IveGotThis #MakeOctoberGreat #LiveLifeToTheFullest

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#NorrisFordCoveredBridge - #RushvilleIndiana ( #RushCounty ) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces (Day 2-Sunday 9-30-18 #OhioIndiana #CoveredBridgeTrip 9th #CoveredBridge of trip) The Norris Ford Covered Bridge was built in 1916 by Emmet L. Kennedy and his sons Karl and Charles. (Emmett was the son of Archibald Kennedy of AM Kennedy and Sons who build covered bridges in Indiana). The Norris Ford Covered Bridge is 154 feet long an spans across Big Flat Rock Creek. This bridge was built in the Burr Arch design and rests on cut stone abutments. The floor system originally consisted of two layers of Oak deck supported on longitudinal stringers, which are supported by transverse floor beams, and trusses support the floor beams, all being constructed of Northern Pine. (Bridge has been rehabilitated. Unsure of floor specifics now). *This bridge does NOT feature the trademark Victorian wooden scrollwork that was a Kennedy trademark. Possibly because the Victorian styling was no longer in style in the early 20th century. Steel truss bridges were already common by the time this bridge was erected. This bridge was the 2nd to last covered bridge to be built by Emmet L. Kennedy and his sons. It is the youngest remaining covered bridge built by the Kennedy family. It is the only 20th century Kennedy Covered Bridge left. It is also the only bidge left in the county that was built when Karl and Charles Kennedy were with the firm. at Norris Ford Covered Bridge

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#LongwoodCoveredBridge - #ConnersvilleIndiana ( #FayetteCounty ) (formerly) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces (Day 2-Sunday 9-30-18 of #OhioIndiana #CoveredBridgeTrip . 8th #CoveredBridge) Built 1884 by #KennedyBrothers The Longwood Covered Bridge is 97 feet long built in the #BurrArchTruss design. It originally sat across Williams Creek near Glenwood and was named for it’s proximity to the Longwood Station on the B & O Railroad. In 1984, (when the bridge was 100 years old) it’s condition was dilapidated. As the last remaining of only 4 covered bridges built by the Kennedy family in Fayette County, #Indiana the Longwood Covered Bridge was moved to #RobertsPark in #Connersville and renovated. The roof & trademark Kennedy scrollwork are now painted red. Old pictures show used to be a dark green. The bridge now sits over dry land. (The Longwood Covered Bridge was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 & was then delisted in 1989. Maybe due to being moved to dry land or the renovations(?)). *The Kennedy family built many Covered Bridges in Indiana. “Kennedy Brothers”, “A.M. Kennedy & Sons”, & “E.L. Kennedy & son were reoccurring names on the bridges I visited this past weekend in Indiana. There were 3 generations of the Kennedy family that built bridges in Southeastern Indiana from 1870-1918. In total the Kennedy family are credited with building 58 Covered bridges. There are 10 still standing today. at Longwood Covered Bridge

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#SealBarnCoveredBridge - #BrookvilleIndiana ( #FranklinCounty ) (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 #OhioIndiana #CoveredBridgeTrip ). *This bridge sits on Private Property. Only able to take pics from the vehicle The Seal Barn #CoveredBridge was built in 1905 by George Reuss to provide access to a barn on the other side of #BigCedarCreek . (The barn has since collapsed. (The covered bridge also originally had doors on it). It is 60 feet long and a single span bridge across Big Cedar Creek. It was built in Queen Post Truss design. * #FranklinCountyIndiana once had 22 covered bridges. Today, only 4 remain. (Made it to 2 more in Franklin County. Over the weekend-learned posts). This was the 7th Covered Bridge of the day. Just into #Indiana before dark. My 30th #IndianaCoveredBridge . at Brookville, Indiana

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#BebbParkCoveredBridge / #StateLineCoveredBridge- #OkeanaOhio ( #ButlerCounty ) So, the history of this #CoveredBridge is kinda complicated and questionable... It MIGHT have been built 1867 by Banden, Butin & Bowman (Same as Black-Pugh’s Mill Covered Bridge-previous post) OR it MIGHT have been built originally by Lewis Wernwag before then and THEN re-built by Banden, Butin & Bowman (???) The bridge is NOW only 120 Feet long but MIGHT have been much longer... (Apparently/Supposedly/Maybe) The bridge was originally built to span the flood channel of the Great Miami River and was a 2 span bridge (more than double the size it is now). The bridge built to span the Great Miami River was 300 feet long and was west of Middletown Ohio. It's believed/speculated/wordsay that in 1886, the 2 spans from the bridge across the Great Miami River were brought from Middletown Ohio and split into 2 separate bridges. 1 Half of the previous Great Miami River Bridge going to replace an old Covered Bridge on the Brookville-Oxford Road that had been washed away during a flood. And the other half of that bridge used to form a new bridge over Indian Creek on the Bath-Oxford Road. Which is where THIS bridge sat, until being moved to the Bebb Park in 1966. The bridge that originally crossed the Great Miami River (before being split in 2 moved to Middletown) is thought to be a Wernwag truss, but there seems to be some question since this bridge was made from half of what it was originally built as when it was a 2-span bridge. Lewis Wernwag was born in Germany & graduated from the University of Berlin before coming to the United States. He established his reputation as a bridge bulder in 1812 when he built a 340-ft bridge spanning the Schuykill River near Philadelphia. In the years of 1810-1838, Lewis Wernwag built covered bridges in Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and possibly Ohio…. Apparently the name “Wernwag” was mentioned in county records in connection with bridge trusses. The flared kingposts bracing a double arch used for the Colossus were his hallmarks at Governor Bebb Preserve

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#BlackCoveredBridge #PughsMillCoveredBridge - #OxfordOhio ( #ButlerCounty ) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces Built 1868 by builders Banden, Butin, & Bowman at cost of $6,922.. The Black-Pugh’s Mill #CoveredBridge is one of the few remaining Covered Bridges in Southwestern #Ohio and is the only one in Butler County on it’s original site. (There is only 2 Covered Bridges still standing in Butler County. The other is Bebb Park/State Line Covered Bridge-next post). The Black-Pugh’s Mill Covered Bridge was built for access to a saw mill and grist mill that was owned by James B Pugh on #FourMileCreek (Same creek that Harshman and Hueston Woods Covered Bridges cross-previous posts). Pugh’s Mill ceased to operated after about 20 years and the name of the bridge gradually changed o Black Bridge, because there was a white covered bridge located downstream. The Black-Pugh’s Mill Covered Bridge is recognized as one of the longest covered bridges still standing in Ohio.  It’s also unique for it’s combinate of 2 different trust types (Childs & Long) being used within a single structure.  Originally a cambered (arched) single span of 209 feet with a roadway width of 18 feet, it was modified in 1869 with the inclusion of a central pier under it for additional support. The trusses were then remodeled by replacing some of the wooden diagonals with iron rods to enable the builders to lower the bridge down onto the pier by backing off the nuts on the ends of the rods, thus eliminating the camber and forming two spans instead of one. The bridge was bypassed in 1953 The bridge was restored in 2000 at Pugh's Mill Covered Bridge

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#BlackCoveredBridge #PughsMillCoveredBridge - #OxfordOhio ( #ButlerCounty ) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces Built 1868 by builders Banden, Butin, & Bowman at cost of $6,922.. The Black-Pugh’s Mill #CoveredBridge is one of the few remaining Covered Bridges in Southwestern #Ohio and is the only one in Butler County on it’s original site. (There is only 2 Covered Bridges still standing in Butler County. The other is Bebb Park/State Line Covered Bridge-next post). The Black-Pugh’s Mill Covered Bridge was built for access to a saw mill and grist mill that was owned by James B Pugh on #FourMileCreek (Same creek that Harshman and Hueston Woods Covered Bridges cross-previous posts). Pugh’s Mill ceased to operated after about 20 years and the name of the bridge gradually changed o Black Bridge, because there was a white covered bridge located downstream. The Black-Pugh’s Mill Covered Bridge is recognized as one of the longest covered bridges still standing in Ohio.  It’s also unique for it’s combinate of 2 different trust types (Childs & Long) being used within a single structure.  Originally a cambered (arched) single span of 209 feet with a roadway width of 18 feet, it was modified in 1869 with the inclusion of a central pier under it for additional support. The trusses were then remodeled by replacing some of the wooden diagonals with iron rods to enable the builders to lower the bridge down onto the pier by backing off the nuts on the ends of the rods, thus eliminating the camber and forming two spans instead of one. The bridge was bypassed in 1953 The bridge was restored in 2000. at Pugh's Mill Covered Bridge

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#HuestonWoodsCoveredBridge - #CollegeCorner #Ohio ( #PrebleCounty ) (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 OH/IN #CoveredBridgeTrip ) Preble County’s newest #CoveredBridge . It was built 2012 in #BurrArchTruss design. The 1st covered bridge to be built in Preble County in over 100 years. The #HuestonWoods Covered bridge is 108 feet long and spans across #FourMileCreek (Same as previous Harshman Covered Bridge-previous post). A 6-foot covered walkway is located on each side of the bridge. It is located at the Hueston Woods State Park. The Hueston Woods State park land was purchased in 1941, but the state initially used the land as a prison camp. In 1956, Four Mile Creek was dammed to form Acton lake. The park opened in 1957. The planning for the Hueston Woods Covered bridge began in 2007 and cost almost $2 million to build ($1,977,500). The new Covered bridge replaced an old steel bridge (pic posted). at Hueston Woods State Park

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#HistoricHopewell #Church and #Cemetery - #CollegeCorner #Ohio ( #PrebleCounty ) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 #OhioIndiana #CoveredBridgeTrip ) *Stop on the #UndergroundRailroad Built in 1826 This church was founded in 1808 by the area’s 1st settlers, who were mainly Scotch-Irish who had left Kentucky and South Carolina because of their opposition to #slavery . Services began in a log building and it was replaced in 1826 by the present church. The church encouraged worship by African Americans and played an important role in the “Underground Railroad” as a station stop. This church was the parent church for 4 daughter Presbyterian Congregations in Ohio. By 1915, membership had declined and regular services were discontinued. The #HistoricHopewellCemetery was the 1st public cemetery in Israel township. The cemetery is estimated to have over 1000 graves on the ground and was the 2nd largest burial ground in Preble County for #RevolutionarySoldiers . at College Corner, Ohio

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#StMarysCathedralBasilicaOfTheAssumption in #CovingtonKentucky Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 #CoveredBridgeTrip ) Listed among "The Most Beautiful Churches in the World" by the Catholic Reporter. *This is one of the most #beautiful #churches I have seen. The outside is gorgeous and definitely captures the attention. The inside, is breathtaking. The #StainedGlassWindows are #magnificent . (There are 82 stained glass windows)! Reminded me of The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Savannah GA I visited a couple years ago. I am not #Catholic , so I don’t understand a lot of the terms & descriptions, but will try to give the history of this magnificent structure. The St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption is a “ #MinorBasilica ” of the #RomanCatholicChurch. Traditionally, churches attained the title of “basilica” because of their antiquity, dignity, historical importance, or significance as centers of worship. There are Two Classes of Basilicas: Major and Minor. There are only 4 major basilicas in the world, all in Rome. The Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption here in Covington KY is 1 of 85 minor basilicas in the United States. Construction of the #Cathedral began under the Diocese of Covington's third bishop, Camillus Paul Maes, a native of Belgium, in 1895 to replace an 1834 frame church that was inadequate for the growing congregation. Pope Pius XII elevated the cathedral to the rank of minor basilica December 8, 1953. It was built in 13th century #FrenchGothic style. As early as 1890, Bishop Maes began planning for the construction of a new cathedral. The building of this cathedral began in 1894 and ended in 1915, incomplete... It is said to still be largely unfinished even today. The original plans were much larger... at Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption

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The #Middletown #BigFourDepot - #MiddletownOhio (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 #OhioIndiana #CoveredBridgeTrip ) #ExploringOhio Built 1909 Earlier #depots were built in 1872 and 1884 and then replaced by this one in 1909. It was built by the Big Four division of the #NewYorkCentralRailroad . The Big Four Depot saw numerous passenger trains. Many passengers were heading South to look for work at the #PLolliardTobacco Company, which sat behind the train depot. (Demolished IN 1958). “ #BullDurham ” was one of P. Lolliard’s best known products. The train conductor would call out “Bull Durham” to let passengers know they had arrived in Middletown. *The 1st known advertisement in the United States was for the snuff and tobacco products of P. Lorillard and Company and it was ad placed in the New York daily paper in 1789. P. Lorillard was founded in 1760 and is the oldest continuously operating US tobacco company. It wasn't until the 1840s that brand names slowly began to appear on labels. The first real brand name to become known on a bigger scale in the USA was "Bull Durham" which emerged in 1868, with the advertising placing the emphasis on how easy it was "to roll your own". P. Lorillard and Company was originally part of the American Tobacco Company-one of the 1st giant holding companies in the American industry. Which started in Durham N.C. by James B Duke, whose father, Washington Duke had become a successful small manufacturer of tobacco after the Civil War. Union and Confederate armies regularly traded tobacco for coffee and other goods throughout the Civil War, also without much preference for brand. The Bull Durham brand, though, grew out of an incident in Durham, North Carolina that occurred at the close of the war. Soldiers from both sides raided a farmer's tobacco crop as they waited for a surrender to be completed. After returning home, these same soldiers wrote back asking for more of this tobacco. The farmer, Mr. John Green, happily obliged; the tobacco was named Bull Durham in 1868 and later became the largest selling tobacco brand in the world. at Middletown, Ohio

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#JediahHillCoveredBridge - #Cincinnati #Ohio ( #HamiltonCounty ) (Also known as #GroffMillCoveredBridge ) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricPlaces (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 #OhioIndiana #CoveredBridgeTrip ) Built around 1850. The bridge is 44 feet long. This is the only #CoveredBridge left in Hamilton County Ohio, where there used to be over 80. The bridge has been refurbished in the last 20 years. It was dismantled, new stone abutments were built and the bridge was reconstructed. New plank siding and a shake roof were added. The interior has horizontal floor planking and a queenpost truss with an "X" support in the center panel. The Jediah Hill Covered Bridge was built by #JediahHill over #WestForkMillCreek . He built the covered bridge in anticipation of increased business traffic to his grist mill. Jediah Hill built and owned the grist mill that is close to the Covered Bridge . The Mill was called the Mount Health Mill and was originally a saw mill and later a grist mill. The grist mill was mostly damaged in a fire in 1981, but much of the original foundation is said to still be intact. Jediah Stout Hill (Sr.) (1793-1859) was a farmer and businessman. Around 1820 is when the sawmill was built on the bank of Mill Creek near Mount Pleasant- a village situated about halfway between Cincinnati and Hamilton, Ohio. He also had a son Jediah S Hill (Jr.) (1819-1896). (I am not sure whether it was Sr. or Jr. who built the bridge in 1850 (???)). You can still drive across the Jediah Hill Covered Bridge. It is also the only entrance to the subdivision behind it. #LoveCoveredBridges #ExploringOhio at Jediah Hill Covered Bridge

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#RobertsCoveredBridge - #EatonOhio ( #PrebleCounty ) Listed on The #NationalRegisterOfHistoricalPlaces (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 OH/IN #CoveredBridgeTrip ) Built in 1829. (Just 26 years after Ohio became a state)! A survivor of arson and old age, Roberts #CoveredBridge is Ohio's #OldestCovered Bridge and is the last example of the #doublebarreled bridge in the state of #Ohio . There are only 6 double-barreled remaining in the United States (I’ve now been to 2 of them) and #RobertsBridge is the oldest of these 6 double-barreled bridges. It is also the 2nd oldest covered bridge of ANY type in the nation!! It is also one of the earliest non-domestic structures still standing in Preble County. It's a pretty important bridge!! (With interesting story about it's builders). And has been thru a fire & a move. In 1829, Orlistus Roberts obtained a contract from the U.S. government, and began building a covered bridge where the turnpike from Rossville crossed Seven Mile Creek on his property. (in section 14 of Gasper Township about 2 ½ miles south of the village of Eaton). Orlistus Roberts and his apprentice, James Campbell, who was only 17 years old, built the Roberts Covered Bridge out of local poplar, Beech and Oak wood. The Roberts Covered Bridge rests on abutments of limestone that was quarried from nearby Rocky run. All of the bolts, nuts and nails used in the construction of the bridge were hand forged by Orlistus Roberts and James Campbell. It was built in #BurrArch Design. (In 1804, Theodore Burr invented and patented the Burr Arch design. This design includes a large arch with multiple kingpost truss. The Roberts Bridge was built with three arches). ** (So, Orlistus Roberts passed away before the bridge was completed. His 17 year old apprentice finished the bridge...and then....married Orlistus' widowed wife. at Roberts Covered Bridge

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#HarshmanCoveredBridge - #Fairhaven #Ohio ( #PrebleCounty ). Listed on the #NationalRegisterOfHistoricalPlaces (Day 1-Saturday 9-29-18 #OhioIndian #CoveredBridgeTrip ) Built 1894 at the cost of $3,184. It was rehabilitated in 2008 at a cost of $340,000. (included new floor, roof and side and load capacity raised from 6 tons to 15 tons). The Harshman #CoveredBridge is 109 feet long and spans over #FourMileCreek on present day #Concord-FairhavenRoad. This road originally skirted the west bank of a horseshoe bend on Four-Mile Creek at this location. Sometime prior to 1871 the road was straightened and 2 bridges were built across the base of the horseshoe. (No details found about the 2 original bridges). In 1894, Preble County Cmmissions contracted Everette Stern Sherman for construction of wooden bridge "over Four Mile Creek near J.P. Harshman's" for $14 per lineal foot. The bridge was constructed on a 63.85 acre tract of land owned by J.P. Harshman. It was built in the " #ChildsTruss " design (Which only 7 Child truss bridges still survive in the United States. 6 of those 7 are in Preble County, including this one). The Childs Truss was patented by Horace Childs of New Hampshire in 1846. Childs Truss bridges had wood braces and iron counterbraces and used bolts to secure the compression members. The Childs Truss never became popular, but after it's patent expired, Everett S Sherman began using it for bridges in Ohio in the late 1800s. Everett S Sherman lived and built bridges in Delaware County OH and then moved to Preble County in 1886 when a storm had destroyed many of the couty's bridges. Everette S Sherman built at least 20 Covered Bridges in Preble County OH. 6 of his bridges are still standing, including this one. Stone for the bridge was hauled from Stoney Point Quarry, a little further south. The masonry work was done by J.M. Acton. A sawmill along the creek near the bridge provided the cut lumber. Everett Stern Sherman passed away 3 years after the completion of this bridge in 1897 at the age of 66. He was married Julie Ann Beard Sherman in 1856. She passed way in 1864 and Everett married Theresa S. Jacobs. at Harshman Covered Bridge

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